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Standard Treatments for Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a cancerous cell growth or tumor on the mesothelium, thin layer of tissue covering many internal organs. The malignant mesothelioma is commonly found on the tissue layer surrounding the lungs and can spread through many other organs. While no definitive cure available yet, there are different types of treatment for mesothelioma focusing to reduce pain and suffering from the symptoms a well as minimizing spreading on cancerous cells. Each patient may get different course of treatments based on mesothelioma stage, tumor size and location, and the overall health of the patients. Standards mesothelioma treatments are including:

Surgery

Surgical treatments for mesothelioma can be for curative purposes; to remove tumor or parts of tissue or organ covered with malignant cells preventing it to metastases. It can also for pain relief purposes such as draining fluid on the chest to release pressure on the lung. Surgery is still the best option of treatment for long term survival. However, surgical treatment is more viable for earlier stages of mesothelioma. Advanced stages when the cancer cells already metastases to wider parts of the body, it would be nearly impossible to remove.

Chemotherapy

This therapy is using certain chemical medications to kill cancer cells with the main goal to shrink the tumor size. For mesothelioma, mainly combination of cisplatin and permetrexed administered orally or through IV line. Chemotherapy is viable for all stages of mesothelioma and proven to be effective to slow cancer growth and ease symptoms. However, it also comes with side effects of nausea, fatigue, hair loss, and other conditions.